Emit HTML with a DSL

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This feature integrates with kotlinx.html to directly emit HTML using Chunked transfer encoding without having to keep memory for the whole HTML.

本特性在构件 io.ktor:ktor-html-builder:$ktor_version 中的 io.ktor.html.HtmlContent 类中定义
dependencies { compile "io.ktor:ktor-html-builder:$ktor_version" }
dependencies { compile("io.ktor:ktor-html-builder:$ktor_version") }
<project> ... <dependencies> <dependency> <groupId>io.ktor</groupId> <artifactId>ktor-html-builder</artifactId> <version>${ktor.version}</version> <scope>compile</scope> </dependency> </dependencies> </project>

Installing

This feature doesn’t require installation.

Basic Usage

When generating the response, instead of calling the respond/respondText methods, you have to call ApplicationCall.respondHtml:

call.respondHtml {
    head {
        title { +"Async World" }
    }
    body {
        h1(id = "title") {
            +"Title"
        }
    }
}

For documentation about generating HTML using kotlinx.html, please check its wiki.

Templates & Layouts

In addition to plain HTML generation with the DSL, ktor exposes a simple typed templating engine. You can use it to generate complex layouts in a typed way. It is pretty simple, yet powerful:

call.respondHtmlTemplate(MulticolumnTemplate()) {
    column1 {
        +"Hello, $name"
    }
    column2 {
        +"col2"
    }
}

class MulticolumnTemplate(val main: MainTemplate = MainTemplate()) : Template<HTML> {
    val column1 = Placeholder<FlowContent>()
    val column2 = Placeholder<FlowContent>()
    override fun HTML.apply() {
        insert(main) {
            menu {
                item { +"One" }
                item { +"Two" }
            }
            content {
                div("column") {
                    insert(column1)
                }
                div("column") {
                    insert(column2)
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

class MainTemplate : Template<HTML> {
    val content = Placeholder<HtmlBlockTag>()
    val menu = TemplatePlaceholder<MenuTemplate>()
    override fun HTML.apply() {
        head {
            title { +"Template" }
        }
        body {
            h1 {
                insert(content)
            }
            insert(MenuTemplate(), menu)
        }
    }
}

class MenuTemplate : Template<FlowContent> {
    val item = PlaceholderList<UL, FlowContent>()
    override fun FlowContent.apply() {
        if (!item.isEmpty()) {
            ul {
                each(item) {
                    li {
                        if (it.first) b {
                            insert(it)
                        } else {
                            insert(it)
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

You have to define classes implementing Template<TFlowContent>, overriding the TFlowContent.apply method and optionally define Placeholder or TemplatePlaceholder properties just like in the example.

When generating the template with call.respondHtmlTemplate(MulticolumnTemplate()) { }, you will get the template as receiver, and will be able to access the placeholders defined as properties in a typed way.